Skip to main content

Dwight Ink papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: RS 21/7/241

Scope and Content

This collection (1915-2012) documents Dwight Ink's career in federal government management and related professional activities for seven consecutive presidential administrations. Material types present in the collection include articles, awards, biographical materials, certificates, clippings, correspondence, invitations, legal documents, manuscripts, meeting minutes, memorandums, notes, photographs, publications, reports, subject files, as well as a small number of artifacts and oversized materials. Each series correlates to Ink's time at that institution and contains materials that were either created during that period or collected after his tenure, reflecting the work he engaged in at that organization. The majority of items are in English, with a few in other languages such as Spanish and Japanese. An appendix lists common abbreviations found in the collection and in this finding aid.



Series 1, Early career and U.S. Atomic Energy Commission: This series documents Ink's work with the AEC and includes a small amount of materials related to Ink's early career as a public servant in North Dakota. In addition to work products, the series contains information about nuclear submarines and nuclear laboratories. A photobook depicts a 1962 trip to Los Alamos National Laboratory with President Kennedy. This series is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 2, Alaskan Reconstruction Committee: In April 1964, Ink took a six-month leave from his AEC position to oversee the reconstruction of much of southern Alaska as the executive director of the Federal Reconstruction and Development Planning Commission for Alaska in the aftermath of a 9.2 magnitude earthquake with an epicenter between Anchorage and Valdez that struck on March 27, 1964. This series documents Ink's role on the reconstruction commission, also known as the Alaskan Reconstruction Committee, related reports and timelines, and his continuing interest in the area and its recovery. The series is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 3, White House Task Force on Education: This series documents Ink's role on the White House Task Force on Education, acting as Chairman in 1965. The bulk of the materials date from 1965 but also includes related reports, memorandums, writings, and other materials from other years. Materials are arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 4, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) was created in 1965 to succeed the Housing and Home Finance Agency. Its first Secretary was Robert C. Weaver, the first African American to hold a cabinet-level position. These records document Ink's role as First Assistant Secretary for Administration, including work regarding the HUD headquarters building's construction, management of local, state, and federal partnerships, and public appearances. Materials are organized in chronological order, with undated materials at the end.



Series 5, U.S. Office of Management and Budget: The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), previously the Bureau of the Budget, helps presidential administrations set budgets and monitors the costs and implementation of programs, policies, and procedures. As Assistant Director for Executive Management, Ink was involved with the Federal Assistance Review to improve national granting processes and other administrative reforms. This series documents those efforts, Ink's involvement in various presidential councils and task forces, continued professional association involvement, and current events such as Nixon's impeachment, the related Watergate affair, and the 1969 moon landing. Materials are arranged alphabetically.



Series 6, U.S. General Services Administration: The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) supports the functions and management of federal government agencies. Ink served the GSA twice: first, as the Deputy Administrator and occasional Acting Administrator from 1973-1976. In 1985, Ink served as Acting Administrator from March to June before his nomination at U.S. AID. As Acting Administrator, Ink was included in a lawsuit brought by sculptor Richard Serra regarding his work Tilted Arc, a public sculpture that had been commissioned for the Jacob Javits Federal Building in New York City, N.Y. Tilted Arc was removed after complaints from the building's inhabitants, and Serra sued the federal government to have it restored. This series documents both tenures, including records regarding congressional testimony, energy resource use, U.S. Civil Service Commission involvement, and the Tilted Arc legal process, and is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 7, American University: From 1976 to 1980, Ink acted as the Director of American University's Center for Local and State Government as well as its Office of Continuing Education and Sponsored Research. During this period, Ink also served as the Executive Director for the President's Personnel Management Project and as president of the American Society for Public Administration. These responsibilities, as well as a continued interested in civil service reform, are reflected in the series materials, which are arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 8, National Consumer Cooperative Bank: National Consumer Cooperative Bank (NCCB) was created by a congressional act in 1978 to support member-owned organizations across the U.S. Ink served as Vice President for Management from 1980-1981. This series reflects Ink's work at NCCB as well as professional association involvement and his role in the Reagan administration's transition to the White House.



Series 9, U.S. Community Services Administration: The U.S. Community Services Agency (CSA) grew out of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society programs. In June 1981, Ink became Director of the CSA, with a charge to close the agency by September 30. These materials document the close-out, including grant program transition, legal issues, personnel matters, and communications with Congress. The series is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 10, Synthetic Fuels Corporation: Synthetic Fuels Corporation was a short-lived federal organization that supported the creation of commercial synthetic fuel manufacturing plants. For most of the organization's five-year tenure, Ink acted as Vice President for Administration. These materials document that work, as well as Ink's engagement in professional associations related to public administration. The series is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 11, U.S. Agency for International Development: From 1985 to 1988, Ink was Assistant Administrator of the U.S. AID Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean. This series reflects that role, including travel to a number of South American and Caribbean countries, and related issues, such as the Iran-Contra Affair regarding controversial U.S. relations with Nicaraguan rebel groups in the mid-1980s. The series is arranged alphabetically.



Series 12, Institute of Public Administration: The non-profit organization Institute of Public Administration promoted effective government through research, consulting, and education regarding policy, administrative, and programs management. Ink led the organization as President from 1989 to 1993, when he retired and became President Emeritus. These materials reflect Ink's work, including continued travel and professional engagement. The series is arranged in alphabetical order.



Series 13, Biographical information and writings: This series is composed solely of biographical material and writings by Ink. Materials are arranged with biographical information first, in chronological order, followed by writings in chronological order. Writings are present in other series as well.

Dates

  • 1915-2018, undated

Language of Materials

English

Access Restrictions

Open for research. This collection is stored offsite. Please contact the Special Collections and University Archives at least 3 working days in advance.

Use/Re-use Restrictions

Consult Special Collections and University Archives

Biography/Profile

Dwight Albert Ink, son of Dwight P. and Edna Ink, was born in Des Moines, Iowa, on September 9, 1922. The Ink family farmed in Madison County, Iowa; his father, who earned a two-year degree (1921) in horticulture from Iowa State College (University), cultivated an orchard on the farm prior to the Great Depression's damaging droughts.



Ink graduated from Patterson High School in Patterson, Iowa, in 1940 and enrolled at Iowa State. He spent two years as a student, then served in the U.S. Air Force (1942-1946) during World War II. He returned to Ames and received his B.S. in government and history (1947) from Iowa State and a Masters in Public Administration (1950) from the University of Minnesota.



Ink began his career in public service as a budget and personnel officer for the City of Fargo, N.D. (1948-1950), and acted as chief of the Municipal Water Section of the Bureau of Reclamation (1950-1951) in Bismarck. From 1951 to 1969, Ink served the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) in a number of roles: as a program analyst in Oak Ridge, Tenn. (1951-1952); chief of the Savannah River Reports and Statistics Branch, S.C. (1952-1955); and Management Assistant (1955-1958), Assistant to Chairman (1959-1966), and Assistant General Manager (1966-1969) in the AEC's Washington, D.C., office.



Ink left the AEC to continue his management work at other federal agencies. These positions included the First Assistant Secretary for Administration at the newly formed Department of Housing and Urban Development (1966-1969); Assistant Director for Executive Management, Office of Management and Budget (1969-1973); Deputy Administrator and occasional Acting Administrator, General Services Administration (1973-1976); Vice President for Management, National Consumer Cooperative Bank (1980-1981); Director, Community Services Agency (1981); Vice President, Synthetic Fuels Corporation (1981-1984); Acting Administrator, General Services Administration (1985); and Assistant Administrator, U.S. Agency for International Development (1985-1989). Ink also held roles in other sectors. He was the Director of American University's Center for Local and State Government and its Office of Continuing Education and Sponsored Research (1976-1980) and later president of the non-profit Institute for Public Administration (1989-1993). Upon his retirement from the Institute, he assumed the title of president emeritus.



In addition to job duties, Ink served on a variety of government commissions and committees. Notably, Ink spent six months in 1964 as the executive director of the Federal Reconstruction and Development Planning Commission for Alaska, also known as the Alaskan Reconstruction Committee, in the wake of a 9.2 magnitude earthquake with an epicenter between Anchorage and Valdez. Following that effort, in 1965, Ink was Chairman of the White House Task Force on Education. He was also involved in the Federal Assistance Review (1969-1972), the Personnel Management Project (1977), and President Reagan's administration transition team (1980-1981).



Ink was active in a number of professional associations, including the American Consortium for International Public Administration, American Public Works Association, American Society of Public Administration, International Institute for Administrative Science, National Civil Service League, and National Academy of Public Administration, among others. He received awards for his service from a number of institutions, including the National Civil Service League (1966), the AEC (1966), the General Services Administration (1975), and Brigham Young University (1977).



Since leaving government service, Ink has continued to write and consult on the topics of emergency management, government management and efficiencies, international development, and other subjects of interest. He is married to Dona Wolf and resides in the Washington, D.C., area. Ink has five children with his first wife, Margaret: Stephen, Bruce, Lawrence, Barbara, and Lauri.





Sources:



Gieseke, Carole. "The remarkable Dwight Ink," Visions Across America, April 15, 2013. http://visionsacrossamerica.com/2013/04/15/part-i-the-remarkable-dwight-ink/



Haas, Sarah. "ISU alum Dwight Ink reflects on a life of opportunities," Iowa State Daily, March 23, 2010.



Haas, Sarah. "ISU alumni Dwight Ink pioneered disaster recovery efforts, urban housing programs," Iowa State Daily, March 24, 2010.



Haas, Sarah. "Ink maintains ISU relationship," Iowa State Daily, March 25, 2010.

Extent

63.81 Linear Feet (48 record cartons, 1 map case folder and 1 photobox)

Abstract

Dwight Albert Ink was a career public servant and Iowa State alumnus (1947) who served a number of federal government agencies under seven presidential administrations and held positions at American University and the Institute for Public Administration as well. Ink also served on government-wide groups such as the Alaskan Reconstruction Committee and the Personnel Management Project. The collection contains articles, awards, biographical materials, certificates, clippings, correspondence, invitations, legal documents, manuscripts, meeting minutes, memorandums, notes, photographs, publications, reports, and subject files, as well as a small number of artifacts and oversized materials. These materials document Ink's years of government service and related professional activities.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into thirteen series that are arranged in an order that roughly corresponds to Ink's employment history:

Series 1: Early career and U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, 1946-2005, undated (alphabetical)

Series 2: Alaskan Reconstruction Committee, 1915-2011, undated (alphabetical)

Series 3: White House Task Force on Education, 1945-1979 (alphabetical)

Series 4: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1939-1997, undated (chronological)

Series 5: U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 1961-2002 (alphabetical)

Series 6: U.S. General Services Administration, 1969-2007, undated (alphabetical)

Series 7: American University, 1972-2018 (alphabetical)

Series 8: National Consumer Cooperative Bank, 1977-1983 (alphabetical)

Series 9: Community Services Administration, 1975-1985 (alphabetical)

Series 10: Synthetic Fuels Corporation, 1954-1997 (alphabetical)

Series 11: U.S. Agency for International Development, 1961-1996 (alphabetical)

Series 12: Institute of Public Administration, 1970-2003, undated (alphabetical)

Series 13: Biographical information and writings, 1942-2016 (chronological)



Original order has been maintained where possible, reflecting Ink's thought processes and working methods over the course of his career.

Physical Location

This collection is stored offsite. Please contact the Special Collections and University Archives at least 3 working days in advance.

Accruals

Accruals expected.

Related collection materials

Related collections available at other repositories include:

•John A. McCone Papers, BANC MSS 95/20 c, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

•Legal records relating to Richard Serra v. United States General Services Administration et al., 1985-1987, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

•Papers of Charles J.V. Murphy, #1689, Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center, Boston University.

•Collections for individual agencies and presidential administrations, National Archives and Records Administration.



A small number of books were separated from the collection and placed in the rare book collection of the Special Collections Department; these books can be found by searching the library catalog or inquiring at Special Collections.

•Abshire, David M., ed. Triumphs and Tragedies of the Modern Presidency: Seventy-Six Case Studies in Presidential Leadership. (Praeger, 2001)

•Buss, Terry F., et al., eds. Transforming Public Leadership for the 21st Century. (M.E. Sharpe, 2007)

•Hansen, Wallace R., et al. The Alaska Earthquake March 27, 1964: Field Investigations and Reconstruction Effort. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966)

•Hoff, Joan and Dwight Ink, eds. The Nixon Presidency. (Center for the Study of the Presidency, 1996)

• Stanton, Thomas H., ed. Meeting the Challenge of 9/11: Blueprints for More Effective Government. (M.E. Sharpe, 2006)

• Stanton, Thomas H. and Benjamin Ginsberg, eds. Making Government Manageable: Executive Organization and Management in the Twenty-First Century. (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004)



The two books listed below were separated from this collection and added to the University Library's circulating collection.

• Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Twenty-Five Years of Development Co-operation: A Review. (Paris, 1985)

• United States President’s Committee on Mental Retardation. MR79: Mental Retardation Prevention Strategies That Work. (Department of Health and Human Services, 1980)

Processing Information

Released on 2018-11-01.

Acronyms found in the collection

ACIPA. American Consortium for International Public Administration.

AEC. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

ASPA. American Society for Public Administration.

Big Seven. Council of State Governments, International City Management Association, National Association of Counties, National Governors' Conference, National League of Cities, National Legislative Conference, and United States Conference of Mayors

FAR. Federal Assistance Review.

GSA. U.S. General Services Administration.

HUD. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

IPA. Institute of Public Administration.

LAC. U.S. AID Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean.

NCCB. National Consumer Cooperative Bank.

OMB. U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

PACEO. President's Advisory Council on Executive Organization.

PACMI. President's Advisory Commission on Management Improvement.

PMP. U.S. Personnel Management Project.

SFC. Synthetic Fuels Corporation.

USAID. U.S. Agency for International Development.

USDA. U.S. Department of Agriculture
Title
RS 21/7/241. Dwight Ink papers
Status
Completed
Date
July 1, 2020
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections and University Archives Repository

Contact:
403 Parks Library
701 Morrill Road
Iowa State University
Ames Iowa 50011-2102 United States
(515) 294-6672