George S. Hammond papers
Scope and Content
This collection (1921-2006, undated) contains biographical information, lectures, correspondence, awards, certificates, and memorabilia. It also includes photographs and information concerning Hammond's work at Allied Chemical Corporation. Most of the correspondence pertains to Hammond's work for the California Institute of Technology, the University of California-Santa Cruz, and the National Science Foundation. Manuscript drafts and other writings on organic chemistry and chemistry education are also included.
- 1921-2006, undated
Language of Materials
Open for research. This collection is stored offsite. Please contact the department at least 3 working days in advance.
Consult Special Collections and University Archives
George Simms Hammond was born May 22, 1921, in Auburn, Maine. He earned a B.A. from Bates College (1943) in chemistry. He earned his Ph.D. (1947) in chemistry from Harvard University.
Hammond began his career as a chemist (1943) at the Rohm and Haas Company. He joined the faculty at Iowa State College (University) as an Assistant Professor (1948-1951) of chemistry. He was promoted to Associate Professor (1951-1954). Hammond accepted the position of Professor and Senior Chemist (1958-1972) of organic chemistry at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He was hired by the University of California-Santa Cruz as Professor and Vice Chancellor for Natural Science (1972-1978) and continued in this position when he accepted the role of National Foreign Secretary (1974-1978) of the National Academy of Sciences.
Following years of service in the academic realm, Hammond became Research Director (1978-1987) at Allied Chemical Company, now Allied Signal. He retired in 1987, but remained professionally active in industrial consulting and as a part-time visiting faculty member at Bowling Green State University (BGSU), Georgetown University, and Portland State University.
Hammond's main research interests included physical organic chemistry, free radicals, and mechanisms of organic reactions. He focused on polar elimination and aromatic nitration, as well as chemical reactions of furan. Hammond was well known for his research of photochemistry and revolutionizing the teaching of organic chemistry materials science. His postulate (also known as the Hammond-Leffler postulate) regarding an interpretation of transition-state structures was published in 1955.
Hammond was a member of numerous honor societies such as Alpha Chi Sigma, Phi Lamda Upsilon, Phi Beta Kappa, and Sigma Xi. He was also a member several professional associations, including the American Chemical Society and the Chemical Society (British Society).
During his career, Hammond won numerous awards and honors. He was a Guggenheim Fellow (1956-1957). The American Chemical Society awarded him with the George A. Olah Award in Hydrocarbon or Petroleum Chemistry (1961), the James Flack Norris Award in Physical Organic Chemistry (1968), the American Chemical Society Award in Chemical Education (1974), and the Priestley Award (1976). He also received the Danforth Foundation's E. Harris Harbison Award for Distinguished Teaching (1971) and the Othmer Gold Medal of the Chemical Heritage Foundation (2003). Hammond was an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences (1963) and an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1981). President Clinton awarded him with the National Medal of Science (1994). Throughout his career he earned six honorary degrees, published over 300 papers, and wrote five textbooks including his best known, Organic Chemistry, with Donald J. Cram.
George Hammond died October 5, 2005, at the age of 84 in Portland, Oregon.
8.14 Linear Feet (4 records center cartons and 7 document boxes)
George S. Hammond, chemist, received his undergraduate education in chemistry at Bates College and his graduate degree from Harvard University. Hammond served as a professor (1948-1954) of chemistry at Iowa State University, professor and senior chemist (1958-1972) at California Institute of Technology, and professor and vice chancellor (1972-1978) at University of California-Santa Cruz. He was hired as Research Director (1978-1987) of Allied Chemical Company (later known as Allied Signal). Hammond's main area of research included physical organic chemistry, free radicals, and mechanisms of organic reactions. He wrote five textbooks, including Organic Chemistry with Donald J. Cram. This collection contains biographical information, lectures, correspondence, awards, certificates, and memorabilia. It also includes photographs and information concerning his work at Allied Chemical Corporation. Most of the correspondence pertains to Hammond's work for the California Institute of Technology, the University of California-Santa Cruz, and the National Science Foundation. Manuscript drafts and other writings on organic chemistry and chemistry education are also included.
This collection is arranged into four series:
Series 1, Biographical Information, 1921-2006, undated (chronological)
Series 2, Publications, Book Manuscripts and Papers, 1948-1999, undated (chronological)
Series 3, Correspondence, 1958-1997, undated (alphabetical)
Series 4, Lectures, Speeches, and Addresses, 1952-1999, undated (chronological)
This collection is stored offsite. Please contact the Special Collections and University Archives at least 3 working days in advance.
Released on 2018-11-01.
- Chemistry, Organic--Study and teaching (Higher) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Correspondence Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- Iowa State University. Department of Chemistry--Faculty Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Speeches (documents) Subject Source: Unspecified ingested source
- RS 13/6/61. George S. Hammond papers, 1921-2006, undated
- July 1, 2020
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- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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